(Color plate, Fig. c, Page 116)
The perfection of the microscope and the discovery of microorganisms of disease gave a new and great impetus to allopathic science. In the germ theory of disease was found the solution of all therapeutic riddles, proof positive of the fallacy of the teachings of Hahnemann and a perfect justification of allopathic symptomatic and surgical treatment of disease. One of the favorite bits of evidence always produced in favor of these theories is the specific action of quinin in malarial diseases. "The Plasmodium Malariae is found in the blood of malaria patients, quinin kills the Plasmodium and the fever symptoms abate (temporarily) ; therefore is the Plasmodium the cause of the malaria and quinin the cure for it."
In like manner, other specific germs are supposed to be the causes of the diseases after which they are named; hence the formula, "Find chemicals or serums to kill the bacteria, and cure the disease."
Let us see if this reasoning is true in the case of malaria and quinin. The allopathic theory is supported by the fact that almost all Northerners who go to certain hot and moist lowland districts in tropical countries are affected by this and other tropical fevers. This seems to be sufficient proof that the cause of the disease lies entirely in certain parasitic germs, peculiar to these districts, and in the presence of mosquitoes which convey these germs into human blood.
The diagnosis from the eye, as repeatedly stated, reveals the fact that the majority of human beings are more or less affected and encumbered with inherited and acquired disease taints and morbid matter. These chronic encumbrances are more pronounced in the inhabitants or colder zones, because the colder temperature retards acute elimination and because the greater consumption of meat, pork, coffee, tea and liquors, and the almost entire absence of eliminating fruits from the daily dietary, favor the accumulation of waste and morbid matter, which forms a luxuriant soil for all sorts of disease germs.
When such persons arrive in the hot, moist, malarial lowlands of tropical climates, the malarial parasites and other disease germs find congenial soil in the morbid matter of their systems and produce the peculiar fermentative processes of yellow fever, cholera, malaria, etc.
That these germs grow and thrive in morbid blood only, has been proved by hundreds of European vegetarians who have emigrated to tropical countries. They live in localities known as the worst fever districts in the world, in perfect immunity from tropical disorders, while their meat-eating, liquor-and-coffee-drinking, tobacco-smoking and quinin-eating countrymen fall an easy prey to all tropical diseases and usually within a few years return to Europe ruined in health physically and mentally.
Viewpoint of Natural Therapeutics
When I was a student in medical college Dr. C. was one of our professors on Materia Medica. He was an old, experienced physician and in theory and practice a thorough allopath, but he never employed quinin in the treatment of malaria.
How he learned to prevent and to cure this disease without drugs was one of his favorite stories. "In my younger days," he said, "before I took up the study of medicine, I traveled with a government exploring expedition through some of the worst malarial districts of Old Mexico and South America. One day I befriended a native and in return for some kindness I had shown him, he taught me how to avoid the malaria and other tropical fevers. He told me to keep my bowels open by avoiding meat and by eating plenty of fruit, and to guard against chilling at night by keeping myself well covered with woolen blankets. I followed his advice, ate plenty of fruit, kept myself well covered, so that all through the night my body was in a state of semi-perspiration, and I never contracted the fever or took a single dose of quinin. My companions would lie naked in the heated part of the tropical night, fall asleep and expose their bodies to the early morning chills. This suppressed the excretions of the skin and brought on the ague."
His experience certainly proved that the malaria parasites grow in morbid blood only. As long as he kept skin and bowels active, the germs found nothing to feed on. He always added that since he began the practice of medicine, many of his patients had prevented and cured malaria by following the same simple directions.
After telling his story, however, the same good doctor would turn around and give a baby, two years old, a dose of quinin for a simple cold.
A medical student who heard me repeat this story tried to explain the doctor's experience as follows: "The particular kind of mosquito which carries the malaria germ is active only during the night. Keeping the body covered while asleep prevented infection." This argument does not hold good, because the little pests are awake and busy during the evening hours and in the early morning as well as during the night.
Neurasthenia Caused by Quinin
Some years ago I happened to attend a clinic in a neighboring college. One of the patients was a young man about thirty years of age, a cigar maker by trade. Examination brought, out an imposing array of nervous symptoms. The unanimous verdict of the assembled doctors and students was "neurasthenia". The professor in charge of the clinic asked for a definition of "neurasthenia".
Having listened to a long recital of nervous and mental symptoms he said, "In my last paper before the -------- County Medical Association I described this mysterious modern nervous derangement as follows:
"A patient suffers from a multitude of nervous symptoms: headaches, backaches, neuro-muscular weakness, the feeling of weight on the brain, mental irritability, ringing in the ears, insomnia, etc. You cannot find any local or constitutional diseases to account for the nervous symptoms; in fact you do not know what ails the patient--that is neurasthenia."
In the meantime I, myself, examined the eyes of our subject and the professor asked me for my diagnosis of the case. I gave it as my opinion that the man was suffering from chronic cinchonism, or quinin poisoning. Asked what made me think so, I replied that the iris showed very prominently the yellow color of quinin in the regions of stomach, intestines, liver and spleen. The two last named organs also showed signs of inflammation and enlargement, which usually go with chronic quinin poisoning. To corroborate the diagnosis I asked the patient if he had suffered from malaria. "Oh, yes," he answered, "I lived in the South and suffered with malaria for four years, and had to come north on account of it."
"Did you take much quinin?"
"Yes, almost daily, for four years."
I then asked him for other symptoms of chronic cinchonism as given in standard materia medica; he admitted that he suffered from practically all of them. Having finished my examination, I remarked to the professor that the history of the patient, as well as his symptoms, seemed to justify my diagnosis.
The professor dismissed the subject with the curt reply: "That was orthodox treatment; it has nothing to do with our diagnosis."
It may seem harsh to "tell tales out of school", but this happened in open clinic, within the hearing of the patient. What about the hundreds and thousands of other patients who must suffer all their lives on account of that sort of diagnosis and treatment?
Paresis Caused by Quinin
Three years ago a lady brought her husband to us for examination. His mind was in a weakened condition so that he could not act for himself. The best physicians in her home city in Wisconsin, and two of the great nerve specialists in Chicago had examined the patient and told her that his mental breakdown was caused by overwork. The Chicago "specialists" had charged her fifty dollars apiece for looking at him and making this profound diagnosis. Nowadays "the strenuous life" is made the scapegoat for a good many troubles that are beyond the ken of the "expert" and "specialist".
On examining the iris I found the yellow color of quinin in the areas of brain, liver and spleen; also to some extent in the stomach and bowels, indicating heavy quinin poisoning. When I informed the lady that her husband was suffering from chronic quinin poisoning, she answered, "This may be possible, because during the last few years he has taken quinin almost daily to cure his hay fever. A doctor gave him a quinin prescription for this purpose and after that he kept on taking it of his own accord." This left no doubt about the correctness of the records in the iris.
The case proved to be beyond redemption. Before death liberated him from his earthly suffering he had to pass for a year through the revolting conditions which characterize the gradual breaking down of the brain tissues, labeled "paresis" by the medical profession. This man came from an exceptionally healthy family. He himself had never been sick in his life until he began to suffer from hay fever. His habits of living had been very temperate and he was known as one of the best all-round college athletes in his state. Surely the work of a cashier in a small town bank was not sufficient to cause physical and mental breakdown in a man of that type.
1. Appetizer and bitter tonic during convalescence, general debility, and while taking depressing remedies like mercury, lead, etc.
2. Against all febrile diseases, especially malaria and all conditions resulting from same. "Of unquestionable value if freely administered."
3. Against splenic leukemia.
4. Local anesthetic, injected with urea hydrochlorid for minor surgical operations--used instead of cocain.
5. Rectal injection against amoebic dysentery.
6. Against painful nervous conditions. "Shows well marked effects, acting as cardiac and central nervous depressant."
7. Menstrual stimulant and abortive.
Patent tonics. Hair tonics.
"Converted in the stomach into quinin hydrochlorid, a readily diffusible salt which enters the blood stream within a few minutes after ingestion. Decreases functional activity of all forms of protoplasm. Reduces number of leukocytes. (Hence its suppressive action on inflammatory processes.) Binds oxygen more firmly to hemoglobin thus interfering with proper oxygenation and decreasing the nitrogenous output."
Clearly therefore, quinin reduces temperature by suppressing the production and not by facilitating the liberation of heat.
The most important symptoms of Cinchonism (chronic quinin poisoning) are the following:
1. Congested frontal headaches.
2. Sensation of fullness or pressure at top of head.
3. Ringing in ears.
4. Disturbances of vision (dilatation of pupils with imperfect response to accommodative effect). Color-blindness.
5. Gastro-intestinal and renal irritation oft accompanied by hemoglobinuria.
6. Itchy skin eruptions.
7. Restless, unfreshing sleep, dizziness, drowsiness and debility.
8. Nervousness, neurasthenia and insanity. Note the similarity between cinchonism and neurasthenia.
Elimination of Drug in Healing Crises:
1. Through the skin causing itchy eruptions resembling scarlatina or measles.
2. Through the kidneys as amorphous alkaloid which irritates urinary passages, often causing hematuria.
Elimination of drug in healing crises is frequently accompanied by taste of the drug in the mouth.
3. Through acute catarrhal elimination, purging and hemorrhoidal discharges.
Signs in Iris:
The drug shows most prominently in the brain region in yellow pigments ranging from whitish to reddish tints; variation probably due to chemical admixtures. In severe poisoning the yellowish discolorations show also in stomach, intestines, liver and spleen, in the latter organs especially in cases of chronic malaria. (Color plate, fig. c, page 116.)